The trading concepts used by William Delbert Gann or W. Gann as he is fondly called bring feelings of intrigue and mystique. He is primarily known for his market forecasting abilities, such as the Gann square of nine which combine a mix of geometry, astrology, and ancient math techniques.

Gann started trading at the age of 24 and was a religious man. Gann was also a 33rd degree Freemason to which some attribute his knowledge of mathematics and ratios. This is because learning the methods takes time. The other challenge is there are no clear Gann experts to learn from. So, why are traders still holding on to techniques defined in the 20th century?

For example, Square of nineSquare of and the Hexagon are some of the many works from Gann that are popular. The square of nine or Gann Square is a method which squares price and time. The Gann square of nine gets its name because if you look at the above chart again, the number 9 represents the completion of the first square. Starting from this value, the number increases as we move in a spiral form and clockwise direction.

The numbers within the Gann square also follow a certain harmonic pattern. For example, when you take a number, such as 54 from the above square, the value to the next of it to the right29, is derived as follows:.

To determine the value to the left, instead of subtracting 2, the number is added. We then square this result to get a value of The picture below shows the cardinal cross, represented in the blue horizontal and vertical lines.

The ordinal cross numbers are represented in the yellow cells. The numbers that fall in the cells represented by the cardinal and ordinal cross are key support and resistance levels. While both are important, the ordinal crosses are of less significance and can be breached at times. Gann Square — Cardinal and Ordinal Cross. As an example, if price made a high of 54 on the day, if price retreats, the next support is 29, as it is the next closest number across the square of nine.

Also, drawing a circle connecting the four corners of the squares brings the concept of angles into perspective. The angles, measured by degrees can point to potential support and resistance levels when the price is said to be moving within an angle. Gann Square of nine with the circle, introducing angles and degrees.

To use the Gann chart, simply replace the starting number 1 with a number of your choice and the desired step value. In the above example, the increment is 1, but you could use larger or smaller values. The resulting numbers in the ordinal and cardinal number cells are key resistance and support levels. Based on this information, traders can look to either buying or selling into the nearest support or resistance level. There is a big difference between forecasting prices and trading.

These might seem insignificant when it comes to forecasting, but they can be very things that can define a successful or a bad trade. To go deeper on Gann, check out this awesome interview covering Gann and swing trading. The video is close to an hour and provides additional insights you can use to help develop a Gann trading plan.

This is the site for WD Gann, Inc. November 28, at am. Thanks for this helpful article if is it possible PLZ you can give more examples of how to work with this mysterious square. An example of the gold chart in MetaTrader…. Thanks again for your answer. March 29, at pm. Your email address will not be published.Gann fansnamed after creator W. Gann, are a form of geometric technical analysis based on the assumption that markets are cyclical in nature. Gann fan theory suggests that prices and time form derivative patterns.

For example, the most important Gann line is a degree line stretching from the present and extending throughout time, forming an ideal balance of time and value. Gann believed that this 1 price unit x 1 time unit relationship was a natural line of support when price trends are ascending.

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The fans of Gann fan theory are different relationships between time and important price tops or bottoms that are represented by lines drawn at different fan angles from the main degree fan line.

Bullish fan lines are drawn above the degree line, and bearish fan lines are drawn below the degree line. There is no specific formula for drawing Gann fan lines.

These nine angles are: 1x8 The underlying premises of Gann fans have been called into question over time, and this form of technical analysis is not used very frequently. Many believe that markets do not operate in such geometrically clean patterns; even if they did, the subjective nature of individual traders drawing fan lines across a price chart would make Gann fans very difficult to use correctly.

Advanced Technical Analysis Concepts. Business Leaders. Technical Analysis Basic Education. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. Compare Accounts. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Related Articles. Economics Understanding the Gann Studies. Partner Links. Gann, Gann believed the angles could help predict price movements through the relationship between price movements and time.

Gann Fans Definition and Uses Gann fans are a form of technical analysis based on the idea that the market is geometric and cyclical in nature. Gann fans draw lines at different angles to show potential areas of support and resistance. Fibonacci Fan A Fibonacci fan is a charting technique using trendlines keyed to Fibonacci retracement levels to identify key levels of support and resistance.

Fibonacci Arc Definition and Uses Fibonacci Arcs provide support and resistance levels based on both price and time. They are half circles that extend out from a line connecting a high and low. Fibonacci Retracement Levels Fibonacci retracement levels are horizontal lines that indicate where support and resistance are likely to occur. They are based on Fibonacci numbers.

Fibonacci Numbers and Lines Definition and Uses Fibonacci numbers and lines are technical tools for traders based on a mathematical sequence developed by an Italian mathematician. These numbers help establish where support, resistance, and price reversals may occur.

Investopedia is part of the Dotdash publishing family.Post a Comment. Time and Price. By Howard Arrington William D. Gann was a legendary trader who designed several unique techniques for analyzing price charts.

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He developed a unique combination of precise mathematical and geometric principles which are not easy to grasp. Perhaps someone has discovered it.

Don Hall has published a book and developed a system called Pyrapoint which seems to me to be well founded in Gann principles. I hope even Don will fi nd my article to be an original insight to substantiate the validity of his work.

Note: Depending of the chart scale used, the line may or may not appear to be plotted at a 45 degree angle. The above relationship between price and time can be plotted on a chart as shown in this illustration.

The time values of 10, 20, and 30 are marked by the three arrows. See Figure 1. The theory is that this signifi cant point has a mathematical counterpart. Start a new time curve at this point in time, and it will give us an expectation for a future top or bottom to occur on this curve. See Figure 2. With the prominent top or bottom at P, if price meets the curve at point A it will do so in 18 bars.

The time to A is the square root of the price at A. Price at A is Square root of is If price meets the curve at point B, it will do so in 20 bars. The time to B is the square root of the price at B. Price at B istherefore the time to B is 20 bars.

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If price meets the curve at point C, it will do so in 22 bars. This is a very interesting concept!

## Understanding Gann Price and Time Cycle

From the previous article, the next time curve will be t bars away for a given price P. Now, lets solve for the slope of the trend line shown in blue which connects P and P1. By substituting the price boundaries into the slope formula, we can get a range of slopes as follows. For this 45 degree line, the slope is basically 2. I think this is strong justifi cation as to why Gann used 2 cents as the price grid interval of his daily grain charts. Such a scale layout would naturally give Gann 45 degree angles with a slope of 2 cents per daily bar.

Therefore, -2 is a good approximation for the slope of a downward 45 degree trend line. Now I would not bother to give you the mathematics in the previous two articles if I did not fi nd application of this theory in the charts. I used the mathematics given in the fi rst two articles to develop a tool in ESPL which draws horizontal lines at calculated price levels, and nearly vertical time curves at the calculated time intervals. This forms a grid of trapezoids like the previous illustration. Diagonal lines connect the corners of the trapezoids to give support and resistance trend lines. Here is a daily chart of JNPR with the construction started on the highest high. There is more in this chart than I have space to explain. But, I can point out some haracteristics.

The horizontal price lines have a label on the left which is a degree of rotation around a Square of 9. This is covered in the Pyrapoint book, but is beyond the scope of this article.Gann studies have been used by active traders for decades and, even though the futures and stock markets have changed considerably, they remain a popular method of analyzing an asset's direction.

Gann angles are a popular analysis and trading tool that are used to measure key elements, such as patternprice and time.

The often-debated topic of discussion among technical analysts is that the past, the present and the future all exist at the same time on a Gann angle. When analyzing or trading the course of a particular market, the analyst or trader tries to get an idea of where the market has been, where it is in relation to that former bottom or top, and how to use the information to forecast future price action. Of all of W.

Gann's trading techniques available, drawing angles to trade and forecast is probably the most popular analysis tool used by traders. Many traders still draw them on charts manually and even more use computerized technical analysis packages to place them on screens. Because of the relative ease traders today have at placing Gann angles on charts, many traders do not feel the need to actually explore when, how and why to use them.

These angles are often compared to trendlinesbut many people are unaware that they are not the same thing. A Gann angle is a diagonal line that moves at a uniform rate of speed. A trendline is created by connecting bottoms to bottoms in the case of an uptrend and tops to tops in the case of a downtrend. The benefit of drawing a Gann angle compared to a trendline is that it moves at a uniform rate of speed.

This allows the analyst to forecast where the price is going to be on a particular date in the future. This is not to say that a Gann angle always predicts where the market will be, but the analyst will know where the Gann angle will be, which will help gauge the strength and direction of the trend.

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A trendline, on the other hand, does have some predictive value, but because of the constant adjustments that usually take place, it's unreliable for making long-term forecasts. As mentioned earlier, the key concept to grasp when working with Gann angles is that the past, the present and the future all exist at the same time on the angles. This being said, the Gann angle can be used to forecast support and resistancestrength of direction and the timing of tops and bottoms.

Using a Gann angle to forecast support and resistance is probably the most popular way they are used. Once the analyst determines the time period he or she is going to trade monthly, weekly, daily and properly scales the chart, the trader simply draws the three main Gann angles: the 1X2, 1X1 and 2X1 from main tops and bottoms.

### How To Use Gann Indicators

This technique frames the market, allowing the analyst to read the movement of the market inside this framework. Uptrending angles provide the support and downtrending angles provide the resistance.

Because the analyst knows where the angle is on the chart, he or she is able to determine whether to buy on support or sell at the resistance. Traders should also note how the market rotates from angle to angle. This is known as the "rule of all angles". This rule states that when the market breaks one angle, it will move toward the next one. Another way to determine the support and resistance is to combine angles and horizontal lines.

This combination will then set up a key resistance point. This area becomes a key support point.You never would know where the turns high, low or surges and you probably have no ability to identify the price. You might be able to identify some trigger points using SolarFire and have seen some really amazing things and made some money with it, like the chart below.

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JPY made a top when Uranus trine Mercury, followed by a sharp decline of pips 4 times in a row. Good money. JPY and make pips whenever Uranus trine Mercury? Hell YA!!

Even you figure out the turn, you might not have the confidence to hold long enough. You might also have come across Square of Nine on Metatrader. To generate these levels, you need to input the latest trade price in Gann calculator. The possible numbers are It seems Should I expect the market rebound back to the 1. Or would the market return to the support at 1. Should I long the market and expect the market will be rebound 1.

It finally worked! Should I wait a bit longer till the market hit there to close it? Or I should close it now? Maybe the market will go further south, and I am taking less profit than I should! It will help you to find the trend and more importantly…be on the right side of the trend! This is a W.

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Is there any indian publication of the book-Michael S. Biplab Soory Biplab - The material in the book is Copy-righted i cant publish his work -I have just shown you above how the squareing time and price works - even you can apply that - its just the basic thing - you cannot get knowledge without work - so please spent some time on the above concept - yo will get the understanding.

But in the above article u have put up, u have not given any clue how to apply the concept in real life trading, otherwise the whole concept is going above head. If u have not given the example then the concept would not have been clear, now with the example this concept is crystal clear. In the interaction all the difficultiesin understanding got solved. GANN ANGLE article is the best article in this blog so far So siri request u to include a real life example in every topic u put up, it will be really hepful for all the readers of this blog.

Using Gann's theory on Market Timing along with other Advanced Mathematical formulae, we are predicting tomorrow's stock market movement in Advance Forecast Graph for World indices, stocks, commodities, currency and Forex markets.

For more details, please visit www. Intraday traders may also use these auto calculated Gann square of 9 levels based on the last day closing prices for nifty and it's components. Intraday Stock Tips. How to get sq of 9 for time measurement horizontal Gann ke Chacha.

Dear GP, i am new to this blog. Can any one learn w d gann and made money. Inform me on brij gmail. Nifty Gann Analysis. About - W. The squaring of price and time was one of the most important and valuable discoveries that Gann ever made. Gann suggested traders square the range, low prices, and high prices. Email This BlogThis!

Newer Post Older Post Home. VK 3 January at GP 10 December at ND 16 May at Ajay Singh 28 December at Ajay Singh 6 January at Unknown 8 February at In Continuation with Previous Article W.

WD Gann Most Important Discovery

Gann Trading Techniques — I and Gann trend following techniques. In a circle there are degrees which very nearly correspond to this cycle. In other words, one day is equal to one degree of the circle that the earth makes around the sun. Hence the significance of the important divisions of the circle into angles on the chart.

These angles are 45, 90, and Dividing a line parallel to the 90 degree division of the circle we get a square. Divisions of this square gives important angles on the charts. Thus the 30 year time cycle will be divided into important probable turning points as follows:. Also two squares or a cycle of two years can be used. Inner squares squares formed within the square and outer squares squares of the same size placed adjacent or diagonal to the square should also be seen when price moves into the same.

Square of 90 is also important — in the same manner as square of 52 on weekly charts and monthly charts. Square of is the most important square for use on monthly charts. These cycles have influence on price in terms of absolute numbers in addition to the time cycles they signify. It means that a movement of point in a stock is important by itself. The cycles derived from prices are based on High, Low and Range i.

The most powerful is the square of the range. The absolute number at high, low or that of range is assumed to be forming a time cycle with so many days, weeks or months. Thus a cycle derived from prices will have two axis — Vertical price axis and horizontal time axis. Significant changes can be expected at important divisions of price or time. But the most significant changes should be expected at the angles made by combining the two. These angles are made on the square of the price.

Here square does not mean price raised to the power of two. This is the geometrical square where the length of one side is equal to the price. The square is drawn down from high and up from low. The square of range can be made down from top or up from low. In a square of high at say 60, drawn on daily graph will have its corners at the following four points — 1 at the price at 60 2 at the price at 60 60 days away in future i.

If the price moves down one point each day the price will reach to the point 4, i. This action is called squaring off of the price.

These angles are drawn from point 1, 3 and the mid-point between 1 and 3 and the mid-point on 2 and 4. Crossing over of the angles drawn on the square are considered probable turning points. At the crossover of these angles distance from the base i.

### Gann Square of Nine – How to Trade Using This Forecasting Tool

Larger the distance, more powerful the trend is likely to be. This is the centre of gravity. If the price falls below this level and bounces back to touch this level again, on the first such occasion it is good set up to shortsell. The third time against any support or resistance zone is the dangerous time.